I have mentioned this is several previous posts, but never written about it directly. For Christmas, my brother gave me True Brews, a wonderful, really accessible book about home brewing. The author, Emma Christensen, is pretty cool because she’s also down to earth. She isn’t advocating buying enough specialized equipment to fill a garage, but merely enough to get the job done properly.
The first recipe that I tried from her book was Ginger Ale (non-alcoholic). It was MARVELOUS and super simple. Look for another post soon on the refreshing qualities of fresh “soda”, but without all the sugar and chemicals found in the store bought kind. I know, soda without chemicals… (?!????). It’s a mind-blowing idea. But I promise. It exists. And I’ve had a frosty glass full of it.
Then I got a little cocky, and a little enthusiastic, and decided to try something a little harder. I went with Hard Apple Cider, because my boyfriend is obsessed with all things apple, and I knew that even if it was borderline inedible (or undrinkable? Grammar police, fight it out), he would force it down, thus saving me from the tragedy of having to try to feed three gallons of it to friends or unsuspecting houseplants.
Upon revealing my plans to my boyfriend, he predictably upped the ante: why not juice our own apples with his beloved Omega 8006 juicer (yes, I know the exact model number because it is trumpeted gleefully from the kitchen about once a week as he chokes down a noxious blend of beets, kale, celery, and other “good for you” things).
That’s how we got here:
So, the basic principle of hard cider is that you dump a bunch of apple juice (de-pulped for convenience more than anything) into a sterilized primary fermenter, chuck some yeast in on top of it, pop the airtight lid on and wait. I am not going to share the exact recipe with you because its Emma’s, and you should buy her book, and also, it really is just that easy.
Our first batch was made with champagne yeast. This yielded a delicate bubble that is more of an afterthought than anything, and we have a second batch in now with liquid cider yeast. This promises to be fizzier.
Anyway, you pop it in the primary fermenter for about two weeks. I use a food-grade plastic bucket with a pre-drilled hole for an airlock (which helps relieve pressure as the yeast chews happily away on the sugar from the apples). After that, you siphon off the immature cider from the gunk on the bottom into a secondary fermenter. I use a glass, 1-gallon jug with a cork that has an airlock on it. Airlocks are essential for peace of mind…they help prevent the explosions everyone tells you are rife in home brewing.
DELICIOUS HARD CIDER, THE OFFICIAL HOW-TO:
Equipment needed (check out Midwest Supplies…they have awesome stuff)
– Primary fermenting bucket (I used a food-grade plastic bin and a lid with a pre-drilled hole for an airlock)
– Siphon hose
– Secondary fermenting jug (I used a 1-gallon glass jug with a cork and an airlock…if you plan on only making one batch at a time and you have self control like that, you could feasibly reuse the same airlock)
– Sanitizer (I use an instant acid sanitizer, Star-San, but you could also use a bleach bath…sanitation, as discussed below, is fairly important to discourage weird things from growing in your cider)
– Bottles (or you could just drink it out of the jug like a boss. This is always an option)
– Hydrometer and large graduated cylinder for measuring alcoholic content (this is optional, but required for someone like me who likes to brag to all their friends just how alcoholic their creation turned out to be)
Get a couple more apples just for kicks. (NB: you can also buy apple cider from the store, but look for the kind that is literally just apples. No added sugar or chemicals…it’ll screw up your fermentation process.)
Yeast (champagne yeast works for an extremely dry cider, so does liquid cider yeast)
Campden tablets (if this is your cup of tea. I don’t use them, but they sterilize the apple juice…they are, however, chemical-based, so I don’t use them and my cider came out just fine)
** If you want to actually make this recipe, I strongly suggest buying True Brews or another brewing resource. Endless valuable information, and I don’t want to take money away from the actual brains behind the operation by reproducing the recipe here.
1. Sanitize your equipment: your primary fermenter and lid, your fine mesh strainer, your juicing equipment.
2. Juice the crap out of a lot of apples. I made just over a gallon of apple juice to start with.
3. If you are juicing your own, I recommend a secondary pass through a fine-mesh strainer to catch most of the goo. It helps make a clearer cider.
4. Dump the apple juice in your sanitized container.
5. Pour some into your graduated cylinder, too, and take a hydrometer reading. This will be your initial hydrometer reading, and should be somewhere between 1.05 and 1.10.
6. If you’re using liquid cider yeast, this is where I got discouraged. You have to make something called a yeast starter. Scoop out about a cup of your apple juice into a clean and sanitized jar. Add your cider yeast and let it stand. According to my recipe, it was supposed to stand for 1 to 3 hours. 3 hours later, my yeast was still in a stunned stupor. It took TWO WHOLE DAYS for my yeast to wake up. I believe the problem is related to the term “room temperature”. My house is kept fairly arctic, so when I popped this and my sourdough starter, etc., into my oven with the light on (approximately 100 degrees), the yeast went NUTS. The lid on the top of the canning jar was puffing out, so I added it to the apple juice posthaste before something bad happened.
7. Once your yeast starter starts doing cartwheels (you should see foam and tiny bubbles moving around), add it to your apple juice with your pectic enzyme, yeast nutrient, tannin, and acid blend. Stir vigorously to aerate the juice (gives the yeast extra oxygen to go crazy with).
8. Put your lid on and wait. Somewhat patiently. For 1 week.
9. Siphon your cider into a sanitized secondary fermenter, taking care to leave as much of the goo/sludge from the bottom in the primary fermenter.
10. Pop your cork on and let it sit in your closet for another 2 weeks.
11. At this point, ceremoniously pour some into your graduated cylinder and take a hydrometer reading. It should be lower, somewhere around 1.00. Now, you will take the initial (let’s say 1.05) and the final (1.00) and subtract the initial from the final:
1.05 – 1.00 = 0.05
Multiply that by 131 and you’ve got your ABV (alcohol by volume)
0.05 * 131 = 6.55%
Now, ours was a whopping THIRTEEN PERCENT. One bottle and I couldn’t feel my face anymore. But it was deeeeelliiiccioouuusssss. So I had a second bottle anyway. I kind of just threw it in the general direction of my face since I couldn’t feel my lips anymore.
And there you have it! That wasn’t that hard, was it?
A couple of points to remember:
*Don’t get frustrated if your cider yeast doesn’t go off right away. Like I said…mine surprised me by going nuts 48 hours later. Lazy little bastards.
*Recommended are the flip-top reusable glass bottles. Or drink it right out of the jug.
*Don’t worry if you don’t see bubbles in your airlock. I saw exactly zero bubbles in either airlock, and it still worked out great.
*Buy Emma’s book! She’s great!
*Stay tuned for my post on ginger ale and other alcoholic and non-alcoholic brewing adventures!!